This genus contains
approximately 70 species. A few species of
Butterworts are indigenous to South America, but the majority of are found in
the Northern Hemisphere. Mexico is home to the most diverse selection of
In the wild, Butterworts are indigenous to a variety of
climatic zones, from the extreme cold of the Arctic circle to the hot, humid
Caribbean tropics. The habitat of Pinguicula is equally diverse, as Butterworts
can be found in the wet, peaty bogs of northern Canada as well as the hot, dry
calcareous cliffs of southern Mexico. It is important to consider the original
habitat when cultivating Butterworts in order to select the correct potting
media and growing conditions for the various species.
Although Butterworts do not display the intense foliage
colouration exhibited by other carnivorous plant genera, Pinguicula more than
makes up for this by producing some of the most vibrant, striking flowers of the
carnivorous plant world.